文章摘要
付中静.国际学术期刊已撤销造假论文的特征及学术净化效果分析.编辑学报,2017,29(4):401-404
国际学术期刊已撤销造假论文的特征及学术净化效果分析
Analysis of the characteristics of fraud papers and the purification effect of the retraction in international academic journals//
投稿时间:2017-03-10  修订日期:2017-03-10
DOI:10.16811/j.cnki.1001-4314.2017.04.029
中文关键词: PubMed数据库  撤销论文  撤销原因  造假  被引频次
英文关键词: PubMed database  retracted article  retraction reason  fraud  citation Author’s address\ Recent Advances in Ophthalmology,Henan Research Center for Science Journals,Xinxiang Medical University,453003,Xinxiang,Henan,China DOI:10.16811/j.cnki.1001-4314.2017.04.029[KH*2/3] 近年来撤销论文数量日益增多,引发国内外学者广泛关注。探究撤销背后的原因有重要的现实意义。〖CM
基金项目:*新乡医学院科技期刊与科研绩效评价研究培育基地项目
作者单位
付中静 新乡医学院期刊社《眼科新进展》编辑部
河南省科技期刊研究中心:453003,河南新乡 
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中文摘要:
      分析PubMed数据库中撤销的造假论文的特征及学术净化效果。发现近10年间撤销造假论文433篇,分布在25个国家,日本最多,美国次之,其次是德国、印度和中国。造假论文分布在178种期刊上,主要涉及数据、图片造假。造假论文数量大致是逐年增长。撤销主体主要是作者、主编、编辑。造假论文撤销前后年均被引频次差异显著(P<0.05)。揭示了撤销的造假论文的主要分布特征及对学术界的净化效果。造假现象的严峻形势希望能够给研究者以警示,并强调作者、编辑在学术环境净化中的主体作用。
英文摘要:
      To analyze the characteristics of fraud papers in the PubMed database and the purification effect of the retraction. Totally there were 433 fraud papers that had been retracted during the past ten years in 25 countries, in which Japan had the most amount of them; America had the second amount, then followed by Germany, India, and China. These fraud papers were distributed in 178 kinds of journals, mainly involving the falsification of data and pictures. On the whole, the number of fraud papers was increasing year by year. The main subjects of the retraction were the author, editor-in-chief and editor. There were significant differences of fraud papers in the average annual citation before and after retraction
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