文章摘要
叶青,林汉枫,张月红.图片中学术不端的类型与防范措施.编辑学报,2019,31(1):45-50
图片中学术不端的类型与防范措施
Academic misconduct relating to images and corresponding countermeasures
  
DOI:10.16811/j.cnki.1001-4314.2019.01.012
中文关键词: 学术不端  图片剽窃  图片篡改  防范对策
英文关键词: academic misconduct  image plagiarism  image manipulation  countermeasures
基金项目:*中国科协科技期刊青年编辑业务研究择优支持项目(castqk2017-qnkt-07) 
作者单位
叶青 浙江大学学报(英文版)编辑部310027杭州 
林汉枫 浙江大学学报(英文版)编辑部310027杭州 
张月红 浙江大学学报(英文版)编辑部310027杭州 
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中文摘要:
      学术不端行为屡见不鲜。近10年来文本查重工具的出现对学术出版中文字剽窃或重复相似度的检测比对已见成效,但图表中剽窃、篡改及伪造等不端行为却不易察觉和检测。本文主要针对学术出版中各种与图片相关的学术不端案例,进行了系统分析、归类与定义;梳理收集了目前国际上对图片造假、重复和剽窃的鉴别方法、检测工具及效果评估;提出了正确分析图片原创性的一些建议与方法,力求与国内同行共同探讨防止图片中的学术不端行为的标准与规范,确保学术出版回归原创,保护版权。
英文摘要:
      With the deterioration of academic misconduct, many automatic detection tools have been developed against plagiarism. However, these tools have difficulty in identifying the image manipulation, falsification/fabrication, and duplication. In this study, we collected various cases of academic misconduct related to images, and carried out a systematical analysis and classification. We also studied the development and application of new tools for detecting manipulation and duplication of images. In order to guard against image fraud and protect academic achievement and copyright, we suggested that the editors should set and enforce guidelines for authors on the proper handling of images.
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