文章摘要
吴菲,孙琴.医学论文常见审稿偏倚及避免建议.编辑学报,2023,(2):165-169
医学论文常见审稿偏倚及避免建议
Common bias in peer review of medical research papers and avoidance strategy
  
DOI:10.16811/j.cnki.1001-4314.2023.02.009
中文关键词: 医学期刊  审稿偏倚  审稿模式  建议
英文关键词: medical journal  peer review bias  review mode  suggestion
基金项目:
作者单位
吴菲 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院《内科急危重症杂志》编辑部 
孙琴 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院《骨科》编辑部:430030,武汉 
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中文摘要:
      审稿是期刊筛选论文、确保刊发论文质量的重要手段,审稿过程可能会受到审稿人、编辑和作者有意或无意的偏倚的影响而导致审稿结果失实。本文总结了医学论文常见审稿偏倚,如内容偏倚、保守偏倚、利益冲突、作者身份或地域偏倚等问题,对目前国内外期刊现有的审稿模式进行讨论并提出建议。各期刊可结合自身实际情况,采取一种或多种审稿模式;谨慎选择审稿人,既要“对口”送审,又要避免利益冲突;避免审稿一票否决,严格落实三审制度;尊重作者的科研成果,建立作者申诉机制。基于此,确保论文的优势得到承认,弱点得到剖析,为作者提供具有建设性的修改意见,帮助作者提高科学研究及论文撰写的水平,最大限度地减少审稿过程中出现偏倚。
英文摘要:
      Peer review is an important step for journals to select better manuscripts and ensure the quality of published ones. The review process may be influenced by deliberate or unintentional bias of reviewers, editors and authors, resulting in inaccurate review results. This paper summarized the common review bias of medical papers, such as content bias, conservative bias, conflict of interest, identity or geographical bias of the authors, and discussed the current model of peer review among domestic and foreign journals and put forward some suggestions to avoid the bias. Each journal may adopt one or more review models according to its actual situation, carefully choose reviewers who majored in the specific field without conflicts of interest. Try to avoid one-vote veto and strictly implement the three-level-review system. Cherish the scientific research achievements of the authors and build a channel for the authors to appeal. Ensure that the advantages of the paper are recognized and the weaknesses are analyzed, and provide constructive suggestions for the author to help them improve their research and writing skill, and minimize the bias in the review process.
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