文章摘要
中文自然科学类造假论文的后期处理
Final processing of frauds papers in Chinese Natural Science:take the case of scientific misconduct as investigated by the National Natural Science Foundation of China as an example
投稿时间:2018-08-21  修订日期:2018-10-23
DOI:
中文关键词: 学术不端事件  论文 撤销  中文期刊 造假  自然科学
英文关键词: academic misconduct  papers  retractions  Chinese journals  frauds  natural science
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
杨珠 泉州师范学院学报编辑部 yangzhu@qztc.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 41
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中文摘要:
      分析了中文自然科学类论文发表后被定性为造假论文时,相关责任方的应对情况。以“国家自然科学基金监督委员会2015-2016年查处的科研不端行为案件处理决定”涉及的中文造假论文为例,分析其后期处理情况。调查表明:仅6.25%的论文被相关期刊撤销,93.75%的造假论文皆原样保持在各个数据库中任读者下载阅读和引用。国家自然科学基金委员会、作者单位以及相关期刊应该负起终止造假论文进一步传播的责任,同时,建立健全的学术不端论文的撤销制度。构建良好的科研评价体系,并加强科研规范、科研诚信以及科研道德教育,从源头预防学术不端行为。学术期刊应严格把关,从而成为学术不端行为中间防范的重要手段。最后,相关机构应严肃处理学术不端行为,同时,期刊需要对学术不端论文进行撤销并刊登撤销声明。
英文摘要:
      The paper analyzes the response of the responsible parties when the papers published in Chinese natural science are identified as frauds papers. Take the papers in “the decision on handling cases of misconduct in scientific research investigated by the National Natural Science Foundation of the National Natural Science Foundation in 2015-2016” as an example, the paper analyses final processing of frauds papers. The survey showed that only 6.25% of the papers were retracted by the relevant journals, and 93.75% of the fake papers remained in the databases for the readers to download and read. The National Natural Science Foundation Committee, the author unit and the related journals should bear the responsibility of terminating the further dissemination of the frauds papers, and set up a sound system for the retractions of academic papers. We should establish a good evaluation system for scientific research, and strengthen scientific research norms, integrity and moral education, so as to prevent academic misconduct from the beginning.. Academic journals should be strictly controlled, thus becoming an important means of preventing academic misconduct. Finally, relevant institutions should severely punish academic misconduct, and at the same time, journals need to retract academic misconduct papers and publish retraction statements.
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