文章摘要
科技名词规范化表达的要求及意义 ——以工程爆破论文为例
Significance and requirement of standard expression of terms in sciences and technologies: case study on engineering blasting papers// Lü Hailiang,FU You
投稿时间:2020-06-30  修订日期:2020-09-19
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技名词  工程爆破  科技论文  规范  编辑加工
英文关键词: technical terms  engineering blasting  scientific paper  standardization  editing
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
吕海亮 山东科技大学期刊社 zkchem@sdust.edu.cn 
傅游 山东科技大学期刊社 fuyou1@sdust.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      科技名词规范化是学术交流和科技发展的有效支撑。阐述了科技名词规范化的意义及术语表达不规范的危害,以工程爆破类论文为例,分析了期刊论文中科技名词使用不规范的几类典型问题,涉及同(近)音字术语混用、概念混淆引起的术语误用、沿用曾称(俗称)和表述不统一等。指出问题原因,结合科技名词的使用要求,探讨了相应的处理策略。提出促进术语规范化工作的建议,建议期刊同人在论文编辑加工中注意和倡导科技名词的规范使用,同时呼吁广大科技工作者关注和重视科技名词的规范化。
英文摘要:
      The normalization of technical terms is the effective support for academic exchange and technological development. The significance of terminologies normalization and the main harm brought by nonstandard terms in sciences and technologies are analyzed. Case study on engineering blasting papers,several nonstandard presentation of technical terms in journal articles are discussed. It involved the utilization of technical terms such as homophone or similar sounding terms, confusing concept of terms, use old name of terms and inconsistency expression of technical terms. Combining the requirement of terminologies normalization,the discrepant and not standardized causes are analyzed, and the processing strategies are presented. To improve the standardization level of scientific journals, editors and all of scientists and engineers should pay attention to the normalization of utilization of technical terms according to relevant state standards during editorial or other research work.
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