| The development level of scientific journals can directly reflect the national scientific and technological competitiveness and cultural soft power. How to cultivate my country’s world-class scientific journals has become a research hotspot. This study summarizes the professionalization, branding and digital development of internationally first-class scientific journals based on the construction of a high-quality academic community, and recognizes that advanced management concepts, stable core structures, strong economies of scale, and positive technology integration attitudes are essential features for journals to become first-class. From the political level of the basic system and the practical level of the direction of managing journal, it analyzes the connotation of Chinese characteristics of first-class scientific journals. On the basis of fully considering the connotation of Chinese characteristics, benchmarking the basic characteristics of world-class scientific journals, focusing on the three core links of academic organization, editing, publishing, and distribution of scientific journals. And it was proposed that journals could rely on their own advantages in discipline resources, platform construction or channel expansion respectively to strive for first-class, supplemented by first-class scientific journals samples, and explore the practical mode of building a first-class scientific journal with Chinese characteristics.