文章摘要
宗倩倩.预印本大繁荣对科学发现优先权确认机制的挑战及其应对.编辑学报,2021,(3):253-258
预印本大繁荣对科学发现优先权确认机制的挑战及其应对
Challenges and countermeasures of the great prosperity of preprint to the confirmation mechanism of scientific discovery priority
  
DOI:10.16811/j.cnki.1001-4314.2021.03.004
中文关键词: 科学发现优先权  科技期刊  预印本  期刊专区  发表后评论
英文关键词: priority of scientific discovery  scientific journal  preprint  journal zone  post-publication review
基金项目:*中国法学会民法学研究会青年学者研究项目(2018MFXH008)
作者单位
宗倩倩 北京师范大学法学院,100875,北京 
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中文摘要:
      科学发现优先权由“公开披露”和“承认”2个步骤共同确认。预印本平台的兴起使“公开披露”时间从“期刊发表日”提前到“发布预印本日”,深刻改变了科学发现优先权的确认标准,但同时也带来了预印本论文质量不稳定和可信度低等隐忧,加大了严格验证科学发现的需求和要求。因此,作为科学发现优先权竞赛的体制化产物的科技期刊,一方面应加强与预印本平台的合作,建立期刊专区,以满足科学家发布预印本的现实需求并挖掘优质稿源;另一方面应将发表后评论作为同行评议的重要补充,充分发挥其质量审核和稿件过滤的比较优势,对科学发现进行更广泛的有效验证。
英文摘要:
      The priority of scientific discovery is jointly confirmed by two steps of “public disclosure” and “recognition”. The rise of the preprint platform has advanced the time of “public disclosure” from “journal publication date” to “preprint release date”, which has profoundly changed the criteria for confirming the priority of scientific discoveries. However, it has also brought about worries about unstable quality and low credibility of preprint papers, and increased the demand and requirements for strictly verifying scientific discoveries. Therefore, as the institutionalized products of scientific discovery priority competition, scientific journals should strengthen the cooperation with the preprint platform, establish journal zone, so as to meet the practical needs of scientists to publish preprint and dig out high-quality manuscripts. On the other hand, post-publication review should be regarded as an important supplement to peer review, and its comparative advantages of quality review and manuscript filtering should be fully utilized to validate scientific findings more widely and effectively.
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